Orthotic insoles for Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common reasons of heel pain. A flat tissue band that forms connection between your toes and heel bone is known as plantar fascia. Its main function is to support the foot arch. If this plantar fascia is strained beyond limit, it becomes weak and gets swollen as well as inflamed. Due to this reason, the bottom of your heel starts hurting when you walk or stand. The problem of plantar fasciitis is very common in middle-aged persons. However, you can find soldiers and athletes who usually strain their feet also complain of this type of pain.

Causes of Plantar fasciitis          

Too much straining of arch supporting ligament leads to plantar fasciitis. If this strain is repeated then the ligament can get tiny tear leading to swelling and pain. Some of the common causes of this type of foot problems include flat feet, high arches, excessive walking, overweight, working in standing position for long time, wearing ill-fitting shoes or having tight calf muscles or Achilles tendons. The type of pain, extent of damage to the ligament and the cause behind the pain decides the treatment. Each treatment has its own goals such as to relieve inflammation, pain of the heel, healing the ligament tear, improving strength of the ligament and its flexibility and so on. These goals decide the method of treatment.  

Initial treatment for plantar fasciitis

More than 95 percent of people suffering from this type of pain recover completely in less than a year by non-surgical treatments.  Footlogics suggests that it can happen only when the treatment is started the moment symptoms start showing up. Several methods are prescribed for getting relief from this type of heel pain. Some treatments are used in combination and for some people even one type of treatment is enough.

Some Common Treatments

Sometimes even simple treatments can work wonders in curing this pain. In most of the cases, the pain occurs due to straining of the ligament or a tear injury. The best thing is to give rest to your feet as much possible and stop hectic activities that put too much strain on your feet.  During the course of rest, you should avoid walking or running on concrete or hard surfaces. You can also reduce inflammation and the pain in the heel by using ice. Doctors also prescribe NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen or similar medicines. These types of medications come in both creams and pills. You can massage them on the sore spot. 

Other Curing Methods

Good preventive measures also help in slowly healing the pain in the heel. If you read this article completely you will find all such measures that can prevent and cure plantar fasciitis. You should wear good shock absorbing shoes that support the foot arch. You can choose from the athletic or well-cushioned shoes.  For better results, you should wear the shoes immediately after leaving the bed. Wearing slippers or going barefoot can increase the pain. Simple exercises such as towel stretches, calf stretches and toe stretches should be done couple of times in a day, especially the first time in the morning. The exercise will make the ligament more flexible and also give more strength to the muscles that support the foot arch. 

Insoles and other Orthotics

Heel cups or orthotic shoe inserts are recommended to give more cushioning to your heel. These are easily available at the athletic stores or the drug stores. Even if only one foot is hurting, you should use it in both the shoes to maintain the balance while walking. It is very important that you select an insole very carefully so that it gives proper support to the arch and heel. You can also opt for customized shoe inserts or shoe insole if you have a foot with unusual shape or if you have specific problem that can be treated with customized insoles. You can buy them only on prescription as the doctor will provide you guidance on which type and size of insole is best for you. Some other types of orthotics include walking cast and night splints.

Orthotic shoe inserts are mostly prescribed when the problem of plantar fasciitis can be cured by non-surgical process. With the advancement in medical sciences, a vast range of orthotics have been developed that can help in curing different type of foot problems. However, it is recommended that you should use them only after consulting your caregiver to avoid unnecessary damage. This will ensure that you choose the correct and the best orthotic inserts for your foot condition.





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